Online Library of Liberty The OLL is a curated collection of scholarly works that engage with vital questions of liberty. Spanning the centuries from Hammurabi to Hume, and collecting material on topics from art and economics to law and political theory, the OLL provides you with a rich variety of texts to explore and consider.
Capital Punishment | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Another major utilitarian, John Stuart Mill, also exemplifies distinctive facets of a utilitarian approach, but in defense of capital punishment. In an 1868 speech as a Member of Parliament, Mill argues that capital punishment is justified as penalty for "atrocious cases" of aggravated murder ("Speech…," 268).
Secular humanism, often simply called humanism, is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, secular ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making.. Secular humanism posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or belief in a deity.
Benjamin Franklin FRS FRSA FRSE (January 17, 1706 [O.S. January 6, 1705] – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.A polymath, he was a leading writer, printer, political philosopher, politician, Freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the ...
Bentham, Jeremy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Jeremy Bentham (1748—1832) Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher and political radical. He is primarily known today for his moral philosophy, especially his principle of utilitarianism, which evaluates actions based upon their consequences.The relevant consequences, in particular, are the overall happiness created for everyone affected by the action.
Isaiah Berlin (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Oct 26, 2004· 1. Life. Isaiah Berlin was born in 1909 in Riga (then capital of the Govenorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire, now capital of Latvia), the only surviving child (after a stillborn daughter) of Mendel Berlin, a prosperous Russian Jewish timber merchant, and his wife Marie, née Volshonok.
Utilitarismus von John Stuart Mill — Gratis-Zusammenfassung
Take-aways. John Stuart Mills Utilitarismus ist eine leidenschaftliche Streitschrift für die Nützlichkeit als Grundprinzip der Ethik.; Alle menschlichen Handlungen zielen laut Mill auf Lustgewinn und Schmerzvermeidung. Eine Handlung ist moralisch richtig, wenn sie Lust bereitet, und falsch, wenn sie Schmerz verursacht.
Adam Smith - Econlib - The Library of Economics and Liberty
With The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith installed himself as the leading expositor of economic thought. Currents of Adam Smith run through the works published by David Ricardo and Karl Marx in the nineteenth century, and by John Maynard Keynes and Milton Friedman in the twentieth. Adam Smith was born in a small village […]
Locke On Freedom (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Nov 16, 2015· According to some interpreters (e.g., Stuart 2013: 405, 451), Locke''s actions are doings in this sense. According to the "Composite" or "Millian" theory of action, an action is "[n]ot one thing, but a series of two things; the state of mind called a volition, followed by an effect" (Mill 1974 : 55).
Apr 22, 2012· John Rawls founded his thought on his readings : mostly Aristotle and the classics of English political philosophy (Locke, Hume, Hobbes). His contractualism is partly inspired by Rousseau but without a theory of the state of nature. His conception of morality is rooted in Kant''s ethics. Rawls criticizes utilitarianism of Bentham and Mill.
Two Concepts of Liberty by Isaiah Berlin — A Summary ...
Mar 05, 2019· John Stuart Mill, On Liberty, Chapter I. We may note three points about this defence. Firstly, the connection between the existence of a free market of ideas and the development of critical, original, imaginative, etc. thought — which Mill seems to assume is necessary — is at best empirical.
Republicanism is the idea in which elected leaders represent the interests of the people. Historically, it ranges from the rule of a representative minority or oligarchy to popular sovereignty has had different definitions and interpretations which vary significantly based on …
Jeremy Bentham | Biography, Utilitarianism, Philosophy ...
Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher, economist, and theoretical jurist, the earliest and chief expounder of utilitarianism, which states that an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if it tends to produce the reverse of happiness. Learn more …
John C. Calhoun and "State''s Rights" | Abbeville Institute
Aug 25, 2015· Patrick Henry-Onslow Debate: Liberty and Republicanism in American Political Thought Lee Cheek, Sean R. Busick, Carey Roberts, editors A public debate carried on by President John Quincy Adams and Vice President John C. Calhoun under the pen names of "Patrick Henry" and "Onslow." This important, but little known debate, about the limits of federal power is arguably more salient now ...
On Liberty was written by John Stuart Mill and published in 1859. Summary. Read a brief overview of the work, or chapter by chapter summaries. Summary; Context; Chapter 1, Introduction; Chapter 2, Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion (Part 1)